Volume 12, Number 1

Lorawan Scalability Analysis – Co Spreading Factor Interference


Aiju Thomas and N V Eldhose, M G University, India


Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWAN) is on the verge of commercialization. The success of LPWAN technologies lies in the robustness of the modulation scheme. LoRa is a significant protocol in the segment which uses Chirp Spread Spectrum (CSS) as the modulation scheme. CSS is proven to be robust, ultra-low power consuming and resilient to noise and Doppler effects. Though noise resilience is profound, we investigate issues that may arise as the network scale. Co-Spreading Factor (Co-SF) interference is identified as a major issue that limits the performance of the network. Co-SF interference eventuates when multiple nodes trying to uplink simultaneously at the same Spreading Factor (SF) and almost at the near transmitted power level. Co-SF interference leads to packet error and escalation in the packet on air time which results in performance deterioration. Findings are justified through simulation and experimentation. Possible reasons leading to interference are constringed. Recommendations to reduce the effect of Co-SF interference are suggested and validated through experimentation.


LPWAN, Scalability, LoRa, LoRaWAN, co-spreading factor, Co-SF