Volume 12, Number 6

Peer to Peer Approach based Replica and Locality Awareness to Manage
and Disseminate Data in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks


Abdelkader Guezzi1, Abderrahmane Lakas2, Ahmed Korichi1, Sarra Cherbal3, 1Kasdi Merbah University, Algeria, 2UAE University, UAE, 3University of Ferhat Abbas Setif, Algeria


Distributed Hash Table (DHT) based structured peer-to-peer (P2P) systems provide an efficient method of disseminating information in a VANET environment owing to its high performance and properties (e.g., self-organization, decentralization, scalability, etc.). The topology of ad hoc vehicle networks (VANET) varies dynamically; its disconnections are frequent due to the high movement of vehicles. In such a topology, information availability is an ultimate problem for vehicles, in general, connect and disconnect frequently from the network. Data replication is an appropriate and adequate solution to this problem. In this contribution, to increase the accessibility of data, which also increases the success rate of the lookup, a method based on replication in the Vanet network is proposed named LAaR-Vanet. Also, this replication strategy is combined with a locality-awareness method to promote the same purpose and to avoid the problems of long paths. The performance of the proposed solution is assessed by a series of in-depth simulations in urban areas. The obtained results indicate the efficiency of the proposed approach, in terms of the following metrics: lookup success rate, the delay, and the number of the logical hop.


Vehicular Ad-hoc Network (VANET), Structured P2P Systems, Distributed Hash Table (DHT), Locality Awareness, Replication.