Volume 13, Number 1

An Optimal Route Discovery using Biogeography based Optimization for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks


Shaeista Begum1, Nagaraj B. Patil2 and Vishwanath P3, 1Government Engineering College, Raichur, India, 2Government Engineering College, Gangavathi, India, 3H.K.E.S’s S.L.N. College Of Engineering, India


Vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is a subdivision of the mobile ad hoc networks which uses the moving vehicles as mobile nodes to form the mobile network. In conventional vehicular communications, the restricted radio frequency bandwidth affects the network performances. Therefore, Visible Light Communication (VLC) is integrated with the growing vehicular ad hoc network to obtain high data rate and less energy consumption during the communication. In this paper, vehicular communication is integrated with visible light communication to avoid the issues caused by the restricted radio frequency bandwidth. Moreover, the Routing using Biogeography Based Optimization (RBBO) is proposed to develop an optimal route between the source vehicles to the destination. This research performs two different communications such as vehicle to vehicle and vehicle to the infrastructure. The performance of the RBBOVLC-VANET method is analyzed by means of throughput, packet delivery ratio, delay and routing overhead as well as these performances are compared with the existing method namely ant colony optimization based routing protocol. The throughput of the routing using the biogeography based optimization method is 589.763 kbps for 500 nodes which is high when compared to the existing method.


Biogeography Based Optimization, Delay, Optimal Route, Throughput, Vehicular Ad Hoc Network, Visible Light Communication.