Volume 13, Number 3

Evolutionary Computing based Neuron-Computational Model for
Microstrip Patch Antenna Design Optimization


Rohini Saxena, Mukesh Kumar and Shadman Aslam, University of Allahabad, India


In this paper, a novel Evolutionary Computing named Adaptive Genetic Algorithm (AGA) based ANN model is developed for rectangular MPA (Microstrip patch antenna). Considering at-hand and Nextgeneration Ultra wideband application demands, the emphasis has been made on retaining optimal lowcost design with desired cut-off frequency. The proposed method employs multiple sets of theoreticallydriven training instances or patch antenna design parameters which have been processed for normalization and sub-sampling to achieve a justifiable and reliable sample size for further design parameter prediction. Procedurally, the input design parameters were processed for normalization followed by sub-sampling to give rise to a sufficient set of inputs to perform knowledge-driven (designparameter) prediction. Considering limitations of the major at-hand machine learning methods which often undergo local minima and convergence while training, we designed a state-of-art new Adaptive Genetic Algorithm based neuro-computing model (AGA-ANN), which helped to predict the set of optimal design parameters for rectangular microstrip patch antenna. The predicted patch antenna length and width values were later used for verification which achieved the expected frequency. The depth analysis revealed that a rectangular patch antenna with width 14.78 mm, length 11.08mm, feed-line 50 Ω can achieve the cut-off frequency of 8.273 GHz, which can be of great significance for numerous UWB applications.


Microstrip Patch Antenna, Design Optimization, Evolutionary Computing, Neural Network, Ultra-Wideband.