Volume 13, Number 4

A Cluster-Based Routing Protocol and Fault Detection for Wireless Sensor Network


Slaheddine Chelbi1 and Riadh Moussi2,3, 1Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2Taibah University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 3University of Kairouan, Tunisia


In Wireless Sensors Networks (WSN) based application, a large number of sensor devices must be deployed. Energy efficiency and network lifetime are the two most challenging issues in WSN. As a consequence, the main goal is to reduce the overall energy consumption using clustering protocols which have to ensure reliability and connectivity in large-scale WSN. This work presents a new clustering and routing algorithm based on the properties of the sensor networks. The main goal of this work is to extend the network lifetime via charge equilibration in the WSN. According to many errors with sensing devices and to have greater data accuracy, we use a quorum mechanism. The proposed algorithms are evaluated widely and the results are compared with related works. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm provides an effective improvement in terms of energy consumption, data accuracy and network lifetime.


Wireless sensor network, clustering, routing protocol, load balancing, data accuracy.