Volume 14, Number 1

Adaptive Sensor Sensing Range to Maximise Lifetime of Wireless Sensor Network


Almamoon Naife Alauthman, Wan Nor Shuhadah Wan Nik, Nor Aida Mahiddin, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia


Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is commonly used to collect information from a remote area and one of the most important challenges associated with WSN is to monitor all targets in a given area while maximizing network lifetime. In wireless communication, energy consumption is proportional to the breadth of sensing range and path loss exponent. Hence, the energy consumption of communication can be minimized by varying the sensing range and decreasing the number of messages being sent. Sensing energy can be optimized by reducing the repeated coverage target. In this paper, an Adaptive Sensor Sensing Range (ASSR) technique is proposed to maximize the WSN Lifetime. This work considers a sensor network with an adaptive sensing range that are randomly deployed in the monitoring area. The sensor is adaptive in nature and can be modified in order to save power while achieving maximum time of monitoring to increase the lifetime of WSN network. The objective of ASSR is to find the best sensing range for each sensor to cover all targets in the network, which yields maximize the time of monitoring of all targets and eliminating double sensing for the same target. Experiments were conducted using an NS3 simulator to verify our proposed technique. Results show that ASSR is capable to improve the network lifetime by 20% as compared to other recent techniques in the case of a small network while achieving an 8% improvement for the case of a large networks.


Wireless Sensor Network, (WSN), Adaptive Sensor Sensing Range (ASSR), Deterministic Energy Efficient Protocol (DEEP), Adjustable Range Deterministic Energy Efficient Protocol (ADEEP), Distributed Lifetime Coverage Optimization protocol (Dilco), Adjustable Range Load Balancing Protocol (ALBP).