Volume 14, Number 4

Cross Layering using Reinforcement Learning in Cognitive Radio-based
Industrial Internet of Ad-hoc Sensor Network


Chetna Singhal and Thanikaiselvan V, VIT Vellore, India


The coupling of multiple protocol layers for a Cognitive Radio-based Industrial Internet of Ad-hoc Sensor Network, enables better interaction, coordination, and joint optimization of different protocols in achieving remarkable performance improvements. In this paper, network, and medium access control (MAC) layer functionalities are cross-layered by developing the joint strategy of routing and effective spectrum sensing and Dynamic Channel Selection (DCS) using the Reinforcement Learning (RL) algorithm. In an industrial ad-hoc scenario, the network layer utilizes the sensed spectrum and selected channel by MAC layer for next-hop routing. MAC layer utilizes the lowest known transmission delay of a channel for a single hop as computed by the network layer, which improves the MAC channel selection operation. The applied RLbased technique (Q learning) enables the CR Secondary Users (SUs) to sense, learn, and make the optimal decision on their environment of operations. The proposed RLCLD schemes improve the SU network performance up to 30% as compared to conventional methods.


Reinforcement Learning, Cognitive Networks, Cross layer, Industrial Internet, Routing.