Volume 14, Number 4

Cross Layer based Congestion Free Route Selection in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks


Rashmi Patil1 and Rekha Patil2, 1Sharnbasva University, India, 2PDA college of Engineering, India


For creating a mobile network, the moving cars consider as nodes in the Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANETs). Each participating car is turned into a wireless router in the VANETs that allows the connecting and creating a network. To improve the comfort and safety of driving of automotive users, the vehicular environment system develops in the vehicular environment systems using the wireless access. The channel congestion causes the degradation of quality of service in such cases with higher vehicle density. The real-time and reliable communication is required for various safety applications of VANETs. The dense traffic network has included one of the major challenges as avoiding the communication channels’ degradation. To provide the network with efficient operation, most of the studies are recommended to use the appropriate congestion control methods. It’s important to note that many congestion control mechanisms are not implemented for event-driven real-time safety messages. Based on the congestion probability approach estimation, CFRS-CP-Congestion free route selection is introduced for minimizing the total number of data flow packets that passing through the congested nodes. At each node, the congestion probability is estimated using the proposed technique of CFRS-CP based on link quality, MAC overhead, neighbour density & vehicle velocity. Then, the estimated congestion probability is used for route assessment. The estimated probability value is appended to the control packets for comparison. All the available routes are assessed based on the estimated congestion probability which results in congestion free routing path for every round of data communication. The simulation results prove that the proposed method decreases end to end delay by 32% and improves PDR up to 30% and throughput up to 45% compared to the existing protocols.


Congestion, Link quality, MAC, Neighbor density, VANET, Vehicle velocity.