Volume 15, Number 2

VHFRP: Virtual Hexagonal Frame Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network


Savita Jadhav1 and Sangeeta Jadhav2, 1Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Technology Pimpri, India,2Army Institute of Technology, Dhighi, India


As physical and digital worlds become increasingly intertwined, wireless sensor networks are becoming an indispensable technology. A mobile sink may be required for some applications in the sensor field, where incomplete and/or delayed data delivery can lead to inappropriate conclusions. Therefore, latency and packet delivery ratios must be of high quality. In most existing schemes, mobile sinks are used to extend network lifetimes. By partitioning the sensor field into k equal sized frames, the proposed scheme creates a virtual hexagonal structure. Each frame header (FH) is linked together through the creation of a virtual backbone network. Frame headers are assigned to nodes near the centre of each frame. The virtual backbone network enables data collection from members of the frame and delivers it to the mobile sink. The proposed Virtual Hexagonal Frame Routing Protocol (VHFRP) improves throughput by 25%, energy consumption by 30% and delay by 9% as compared with static sink scenario.


Hexagonal; Congestion; Dynamic; Routing