Volume 15, Number 5

Optimal Coverage Path Planning in a Wireless Sensor Network for Intelligent Transportation System


Saureng Kumar and S C Sharma, IIT Roorkee, India


With the enhancement of the intelligent and communication technology, an intelligent transportation plays a vital role to facilitate an essential service to many people, allowing them to travel quickly and conveniently from place to place. Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are well-known for their ability to detect physical significant barriers due to their diverse movement, self-organizing capabilities, and the integration of this mobile node on the intelligent transportation system to gather data in WSN contexts is becoming more and more popular as these vehicles proliferate. Although these mobile devices might enhance network performance, however it is difficult to design a suitable transportation path with the limited energy resources with network connectivity. To solve this problem, we have proposed a novel itinerary planning schema data gatherer (IPS-DG) model. Furthermore, we use the path planning module (PPM) which finds the transportation path to travel the shortest distance. We have compared our results under different aspect such as life span, energy consumption, and path length with Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH), Multi-Hop Weighted Revenue (MWR), Single-Hop Data Gathering Procedure (SHDGP). Our model outperforms in terms of energy usage, shortest path, and longest life span of with LEACH, MWR, SHDGP routing protocols.


Wireless Sensor Network, Intelligent Transportation System, Path Planning, Routing protocol.