Volume 13, Number 1

Real Time Vigilance Detection using Frontal EEG


Siddarth Ganesh1 and Ram Gurumoorthy2, 1Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, India, 2StimScience Inc., USA


Vigilance of an operator is compromised in performing many monotonous activities like workshop and manufacturing floor tasks, driving, night shift workers, flying, and in general any activity which requires keen attention of an individual over prolonged periods of time. Driver or operator fatigue in these situations leads to drowsiness and lowered vigilance which is one of the largest contributors to injuries and fatalities amongst road accidents or workshop floor accidents. Having a vigilance monitoring system to detect drop in vigilance in these situations becomes very important.

This paper presents a system which uses non-invasively recorded Frontal EEG from an easy-to-use commercially available Brain Computer Interface wearable device to determine the vigilance state of an individual. The change in the power spectrum in the Frontal Theta Band (4-8Hz) of an individual’s brain wave predicts the changes in the attention level of an individual - providing an early detection and warning system. This method provides an accurate, yet cheap and practical system for vigilance monitoring across different environments.


Brain Computer Interface, electroencephalogram (EEG), vigilance monitoring, Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), driver drowsiness.