Volume 10, Number 4

Promoting Teachers’ Skills of Instructional Materials Improvisation through Workshops
and Exhibitions in Calabar Metropolis, Nigeria


Ekpo O. Ekpo-Eloma and Abigail Aniefiok Effiong, University of Calabar, Nigeria


The study examines the effect of workshops/exhibitions on teachers’ instructional materials improvisatonal skills for enhanced service delivery in secondary schools in Calabar Metropolis, Nigeria. Two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A sample of 160 teachers was drawn from eight secondary schools in the study area, using stratified random sampling technique. Two instruments sampling the same contents, titled Pre-knowledge and Post-Knowledge Instructional Material Improvisation Questionnaire were used to elicit responses from teachers, administered at different intervals. At the end the one week practical session and administration of the second questionnaire, independent statistical technique was used to collate the scores of the administered questionnaires. The result of data showed that workshops/exhibitions had significant effect on teachers’ improvisational skills. Therefore, it was recommended that regular workshops/Exhibitions be organized for teachers to improve their wits on production and utilization of instructional materials.


Promoting, Teachers’ Skills, Improvisation, Instructional Materials, Workshops, Exhibitions.