Volume 12, Number 2

Security Enhancements over AODV Using Multi-hop Acknowledgment


Aditya Saravanan, Arjun Pant and A. Jeyasekar, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, India


In most applications of Mobile Ad-hoc Networking and Wireless Sensor networks (WSNs), security and power consumption is a recurring problem which is very difficult to solve due to unpredictable behaviour, environmental changes and mobility of nodes. TERP is a Trust based Energy Routing Protocol that considers the energy conservation and security aspects of WSNs. It is an improved version of AODV and ensures low power consumption while adding a trust based system to the reactive nature of AODV. It also provides the solutions for the most basic attacks like node selfishness, spoofing, misbehaviour and packet sniffing. But black-hole attack, gray-hole attack, Sybil and wormhole attacks are yet to be addressed in the TERP. This paper provides a solution to detect and prevent the node misbehaviour and gray-hole attack. TERP identifies the node misbehaviour using direct and indirect trust recommendations received from neighbour nodes. The detection rate of misbehaving nodes is less during the initial life of the network. Therefore we propose a method that detects the node misbehaviour during the initial life by using a multi-hop acknowledgement system. The simulation results show that the proposed method performs well in detecting the gray-hole and node misbehaviour.


AoDV, TERP, NACK, Multihop Acknowledgement, Blackhole Attack, Grayhole Attack