Volume 11, Number 1
Suitable Mother Wavelet Selection for EEG Signals Analysis: Frequency Bands Decomposition and Discriminative Feature Selection
Romain Atangana1,2,3, Daniel Tchiotsop1, GodpromesseKenne1, Laurent Chanel Djoufack Nkengfack1,2, 1Unité de Recherche d’Automatique et d’InformatiqueAppliquée (UR-AIA), University of Dschang, Cameroon, 2Unité de Recherche de Matière Condensée-d’Électronique et de Traitement du Signal (UR-MACETS), University of Dschang, Cameroon and 3University of Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Wavelet transform (WT) is a powerful modern tool for time-frequency analysis of non-stationary signals such as electroencephalogram (EEG). The aim of this study is to choose the best and suitable mother wavelet function (MWT) for analyzing normal, seizure-free and seizured EEG signals. Several MWTs can be used, but the best MWT is the one that conserves the quasi-totality of information of the original signal on wavelet coefficients and gather more EEG rhythms in terms of frequency. In this study, Daubechies, Symlets and Coiflets orthogonal families were used as bsis mother wavelet functions. The percentage rootmeans square difference (PRD), the signal to noise ratio (SNR) and the simulated frequencies as the selection metrics. Simulation results indicate Daubechies wavelet at level 4 (Db4) as the most suitable MWT for EEG frequency bands decomposition.Furthermore, due to the redundancy of the extracted features, linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is applied for feature selection. Scatter plot showed that the selected feature vector represents the amount of changes in frequency distribution and carries most of the discriminative and representative information about their classes. Then, this study can provide a reference for the selection of a suitable MWT and discriminativefeatures.
Electroencephalogram (EEG),Mother Wavelet (MWT), Frequency Bands Decomposition, Features Selection, Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA)