Volume 12, Number 2
General Purpose Image Tampering Detection using Convolutional Neural Network
and Local Optimal Oriented Pattern (LOOP)
Ali Ahmad Aminu1, 2 and Nwojo Nnanna Agwu1, 1Nile University of Nigeria, Nigeria, 2Gombe State University, Nigeria
Digital image tampering detection has been an active area of research in recent times due to the ease with which digital image can be modified to convey false or misleading information. To address this problem, several studies have proposed forensics algorithms for digital image tampering detection. While these approaches have shown remarkable improvement, most of them only focused on detecting a specific type of image tampering. The limitation of these approaches is that new forensic method must be designed for each new manipulation approach that is developed. Consequently, there is a need to develop methods capable of detecting multiple tampering operations. In this paper, we proposed a novel general purpose image tampering scheme based on CNNs and Local Optimal Oriented Pattern (LOOP) which is capable of detecting five types of image tampering in both binary and multiclass scenarios. Unlike the existing deep learning techniques which used constrained pre-processing layers to suppress the effect of image content in order to capture image tampering traces, our method uses LOOP features, which can effectively subdue the effect image content, thus, allowing the proposed CNNs to capture the needed features to distinguish among different types of image tampering. Through a number of detailed experiments, our results demonstrate that the proposed general purpose image tampering method can achieve high detection accuracies in individual and multiclass image tampering detections respectively and a comparative analysis of our results with the existing state of the arts reveals that the proposed model is more robust than most of the exiting methods.
Image Tampering, General purpose Tampering Detection, Convolutional Neural Network, Local Optimal Oriented Pattern.