Academy & Industry Research Collaboration Center (AIRCC)

Volume 10, Number 17, December 2020

Machine Learning Algorithm for NLOS Millimeter Wave in 5G V2X Communication


Deepika Mohan1, G. G. Md. Nawaz Ali2 and Peter Han Joo Chong1, 1Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand, 2University of Charleston, USA


The 5G vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication for autonomous and semi-autonomous driving utilizes the wireless technology for communication and the Millimeter Wave bands are widely implemented in this kind of vehicular network application. The main purpose of this paper is to broadcast the messages from the mmWave Base Station to vehicles at LOS (Line-ofsight) and NLOS (Non-LOS). Relay using Machine Learning (RML) algorithm is formulated to train the mmBS for identifying the blockages within its coverage area and broadcast the messages to the vehicles at NLOS using a LOS nodes as a relay. The transmission of information is faster with higher throughput and it covers a wider bandwidth which is reused, therefore when performing machine learning within the coverage area of mmBS most of the vehicles in NLOS can be benefited. A unique method of relay mechanism combined with machine learning is proposed to communicate with mobile nodes at NLOS.


5G, Millimeter Wave, Machine Learning, Relay, V2X communication.