Academy & Industry Research Collaboration Center (AIRCC)

Volume 11, Number 17, October 2021

Business Intelligence and Data Warehouse Technologies for Traffic Accident Data Analysis in Botswana


Monkgogi Mudongo, Edwin Thuma, Nkwebi Peace Motlogelwa, Tebo Leburu-Dingalo and Pulafela Majoo, University of Botswana, Botswana


Road traffic accidents are a serious problem for the nation of Botswana. A large amount of money is used to compensate those who are affected by road accidents. Traffic accidents are one of the major causes of Deaths in Botswana. It is important for relevant organizations to have a reliable source of data for accurate evaluation of traffic accidents. Similarly, data on vehicle registration must be transformed and be readily available to assist managerial decision makers. In this article, we deploy a Business Intelligence (BI) and Data Warehouse (DW) solution in an attempt to assist the relevant departments in their road traffic accidents and vehicle registration evaluation. In Our evaluation of the traffic accidents our findings suggest that across accident severity, Damage Only accidents had the most interesting recent trend with a 11.93% decrease in the last 3 years on record. Count of Accident Severity for Damage Only accidents dropped from 13,491 to 11,881 between 2018 and 2020 whilst Minor accidents experienced the longest period of growth. Most accidents take place in rural locations and more accidents take place during the weekend. At 28,439, Sunday had the highest number of accidents and was 47.59% higher than Wednesday, which had the lowest count of accidents at 19,269. The results for vehicle registration reveal that the number of vehicle registration decreased for the last 3 years on record. The number of vehicles registered dropped from 65535 to 24457 during its steepest decline between 2019 and 2021.


Business Intelligence, Data Warehousing, ETL, Accident and Vehicle registration.