Academy & Industry Research Collaboration Center (AIRCC)

Volume 11, Number 23, December 2021

Emotion Classification using 1D-CNN and RNN based On DEAP Dataset


Farhad Zamani and Retno Wulansari, Telkom Corporate University Center, Telkom Indonesia, Indonesia


Recently, emotion recognition began to be implemented in the industry and human resource field. In the time we can perceive the emotional state of the employee, the employer could gain benefits from it as they could improve the quality of decision makings regarding their employee. Hence, this subject would become an embryo for emotion recognition tasks in the human resource field. In a fact, emotion recognition has become an important topic of research, especially one based on physiological signals, such as EEG. One of the reasons is due to the availability of EEG datasets that can be widely used by researchers. Moreover, the development of many machine learning methods has been significantly contributed to this research topic over time. Here, we investigated the classification method for emotion and propose two models to address this task, which are a hybrid of two deep learning architectures: One-Dimensional Convolutional Neural Network (CNN-1D) and Recurrent Neural Network (RNN). We implement Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) in the RNN architecture, that specifically designed to address the vanishing gradient problem which usually becomes an issue in the time-series dataset. We use this model to classify four emotional regions from the valence-arousal plane: High Valence High Arousal (HVHA), High Valence Low Arousal (HVLA), Low Valence High Arousal (LVHA), and Low Valence Low Arousal (LVLA). This experiment was implemented on the well-known DEAP dataset. Experimental results show that proposed methods achieve a training accuracy of 96.3% and 97.8% in the 1DCNN-GRU model and 1DCNN-LSTM model, respectively. Therefore, both models are quite robust to perform this emotion classification task.


Emotion Recognition, 1D Convolutional Neural Network, LSTM, GRU, DEAP.