Academy & Industry Research Collaboration Center (AIRCC)

Volume 12, Number 15, September 2022

Review on Deep Learning Techniques for Underwater Object Detection


Radhwan Adnan Dakhil and Ali Retha Hasoon Khayeat, University of Kerbala, Iraq


Repair and maintenance of underwater structures as well as marine science rely heavily on the results of underwater object detection, which is a crucial part of the image processing workflow. Although many computer vision-based approaches have been presented, no one has yet developed a system that reliably and accurately detects and categorizes objects and animals found in the deep sea. This is largely due to obstacles that scatter and absorb light in an underwater setting. With the introduction of deep learning, scientists have been able to address a wide range of issues, including safeguarding the marine ecosystem, saving lives in an emergency, preventing underwater disasters, and detecting, spooring, and identifying underwater targets. However, the benefits and drawbacks of these deep learning systems remain unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the dataset that has been utilized in underwater object detection and to present a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of the algorithms employed for this purpose.


Underwater Object Detection, Deep Learning, Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), Underwater Imaging.